Friday, November 17, 2017

World Reacts to Zimbabwe Defense Forces Intervention
Guinea President Alpha Conde is current African Union Chair.
November 17, 2017
Felex Share Senior Reporter—
Herald

UNITED Nations Secretary-General Mr António Guterres yesterday called for calm and preservation of human rights following the political and socio-economic stabilisation intervention by the Zimbabwe Defence Forces on Wednesday.

This comes as the Sadc Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Co-operation met in Botswana yesterday and called for the settling of differences in a peaceful manner.Sadc also called for the convening of an urgent Extraordinary Summit, a development observers said was akin to jumping the gun given that the ZDF was intervening in an internal party not State matter. Zanu-PF is not party to Sadc.

The ZDF took corrective measures early Wednesday morning as they sought to pacify a “degenerating political, social and economic situation in the country which, if left unchecked, would have resulted in violent conflict”.

The process was executed in a peaceful manner. Business has continued normally around the country with shops, banks, transport operators and other service providers operating normally. There were no reports of violence. Civil servants are also reporting for duty without hindrance. Mr Guterres’ deputy spokesperson, Mr Farhan Haq, said they were gathering information on the developments.

“The Secretary-General has been monitoring the evolving situation in Zimbabwe. He appeals for calm, non-violence and restraint. Preservation of fundamental rights including freedom of speech and assembly is of vital importance,” he said. Mr Haq added: “The Secretary-General stresses the importance of resolving political differences through peaceful means and dialogue and in line with the country’s Constitution.”

In a communique, the Sadc Troika said: “Sadc Organ Troika noted with great concern the unfolding situation in the Republic of Zimbabwe. Sadc Organ Troika further reaffirmed the need for Sadc member states to remain guided by their constitutions. Sadc Organ Troika called upon all stakeholders in Zimbabwe to settle the political challenges through peaceful means.”

African Union chairperson and Guinea President Alpha Conde said: “The AU immediately calls for the restoration of constitutional order and calls on all stakeholders to show responsibility and restraint, to ensure respect for lives, fundamental freedoms and integrity of Zimbabwe. We demand respect for the Constitution, a return to the constitutional order and we will never accept the military coup d’etat.”

The ZDF are on record as saying there was no military take-over in Zimbabwe as they reaffirmed their allegiance to the Commander-in-Chief, the Head of State and Government, President Mugabe.

African Union Commission chairperson Mr Moussa Faki Mahamat said they were closely following developments. He urged all stakeholders to address the current situation in accordance with the Constitution of Zimbabwe and relevant instruments of the AU. Mr Mahamat said it was crucial that the “crisis” be resolved in a manner that promotes democracy and human rights, as well as the socio-economic development of Zimbabwe.

He added that the AU was working closely with Sadc and regional leaders to come up with a workable solution in Zimbabwe. China dismissed reports that ZDF Commander, General Constantino Chiwenga, who was in the Asian country recently, had visited to discuss a military coup in the country. China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Mr Geng Shuang, said Gen Chiwenga’s visit was a normal military exchange.

“What I can tell you is that his visit was a normal military exchange as agreed by the two countries,” he said. Zimbabweans, churches, trade unions, business community and opposition political parties have welcomed the intervention by the uniformed forces saying it was done in the spirit of national interest and security. Legal experts weighed in saying the intervention was in accordance with the dictates and tenets of the Constitution and in respect of Sadc and AU security protocols. There has been no bloodshed and peace has been prevailing.
President  Mugabe, General Chiwenga Meet
November 17, 2017
Herald Reporter—

PRESIDENT Mugabe yesterday met Zimbabwe Defence Forces (ZDF) Commander General Constantino Guveya Chiwenga at State House in Harare. The meeting, that was also attended by South African envoys comprising Defence Minister Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula and State Security Minister Bongani Bongo, was also attended by Roman Catholic cleric Father Fidelis Mukonori, Defence Minister Sydney Sekeramayi, State Security Minister Kembo Mohadi, Air Vice Marshal Elson Moyo, Permanent Secretary for Information, Media and Broadcasting Services George Charamba, among others.

Details of the meeting were not available at the time of publishing as the parties remained tight-lipped.

The ZDF on Wednesday announced they had taken action to pacify the degenerating political, social and economic situation in the country which they said if left unchecked would have resulted in violent conflict as they emphasised that their action was not a military takeover as they wanted to flush out reactionary and criminal elements around the President.
ZANU-PF Talks: We Have Made Progress: ZDF
November 17, 2017
Herald Reporter—

The Zimbabwe Defence Forces say significant progress has been made in their operation to weed out criminals around President Mugabe adding that they had accounted for some of the criminals in order to bring them to justice though others were still at large. No names were given. The criminals, the ZDF said in a statement this morning, were committing crimes that were causing social and economic suffering in Zimbabwe.

They said they were currently engaging with the Commander-in-Chief President Robert Mugabe on the way forward and will advise the nation of the outcome as soon as possible. ”Defence attaches accredited to Zimbabwe have been briefed to appraise their principals on the obtaining situation in the country,” the ZDF said.

Bureaucrats had also been advised to brief their co-operating partners.  The ZDF implored other security services to continue operating and carrying out their duties without any form of impediment to their operation.

“While we appreciate the enthusiasm by certain individuals and groups within society, we want to make it clear that they should not purport to be speaking on our behalf,” they added.

“We will periodically make press releases to keep the public informed of developments in the country. The ZDF commended the nation for remaining patient and peaceful as they carry out the operation.
EDITORIAL COMMENT: Peace-loving Zimbabwe, ZDF Should Be Commended
November 17, 2017
Opinion & Analysis
Zimbabwe Herald

As events in Zimbabwe continue to unfold, with the situation remaining calm as people across different sectors of life go about their business normally, we should commend the Zimbabwe Defence Forces for sticking to the statement that they issued on November 15, that their action was not a military takeover, but that they intended “to address the human security threats in (the) country”. They assured the nation that President Mugabe, together with his family were “safe and sound, and their security guaranteed”.

ZDF spokesperson Major-General Sibusiso Busi Moyo, who read out the statement on the public broadcaster, said the military was “only targeting criminals around him (President Mugabe), who are committing crimes that are causing social and economic suffering in the country in order to bring them to justice”.

The ZDF also assured the nation that as soon as they accomplish their mission, they expected the situation to return to normalcy. As the nation awaits the peaceful conclusion of the matter, we would also like to point out that it is quite normal for members of the international community to interpret events of November 15 in the best way they see them because Zimbabwe has hogged the limelight for decades.

However, we feel that some of the remarks we have been reading go against the spirit of peace that prevails in Zimbabwe. The ongoing normalcy cannot be ignored, because worldwide, when the military intervenes in civilian affairs, there is bloodshed, humanitarian crisis and they take over the levers of power – the Executive, Parliament, the Judiciary and the Fourth Estate. This is not what happened in Zimbabwe.

The ZDF also assured members of the international community, including regional and continental bodies – Sadc and the African Union – that their action was “not a military take-over of Government”. They explained that what they were doing was “to pacify a degenerating political, social and economic situation in our country, which if not addressed may result in violent conflict”.

As the unfolding events continue to make headline news the world over, Sadc is now ceased with the responsibility of ensuring that the normalcy currently obtaining is maintained and that the impasse is resolved amicably.

Some in the international community have adopted a wait-and-see attitude, while others are encouraging major stakeholders to continue on the path of peace, which is very encouraging. AU Commission chairperson Moussa Faki Mahamat said in a statement on Wednesday that they were closely monitoring developments, adding: “I urge all stakeholders to address the current situation in accordance with the Constitution of Zimbabwe and the relevant instruments of the African Union, including the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance.”

China, one of Zimbabwe’s major allies, said through its Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang, that they were also closely following developments in Zimbabwe. According to Xinhua news agency, Geng said “maintaining peace, stability and development in Zimbabwe conforms to the fundamental interests of Zimbabwe and its neighbouring regions, and is also the common aspiration of the international community”.

We also noted sentiments attributed to the United Nations Secretary-General, Britain, the European Union and the United States of America and wish to say that Zimbabwe’s situation is not unique in Africa.

In fact, the ZDF has a long history of peacekeeping in Africa and beyond. And, they have performed those duties with distinction. We do not see them suddenly changing tact, when their major objective was to rescue the country’s revered revolution from being hijacked. They therefore deserve to be commended for the manner they have handled their intervention. It is therefore uncalled for some of our global partners to make statements that are not in sync with what obtains on the ground.

Some of the remarks attributed to certain members of the international community calling for calm etc are uncalled for. There is calm. The coming days call for people who put on their thinking caps, people also guided by wisdom, for when all is said and done, the responsibility falls on Zimbabweans to resolve their differences in an amicable way, and so far we have demonstrated just that.
Zanu-PF Needs Candid Inter-generational Talk
November 17, 2017
Lovemore Ranga Mataire  Senior Writer
Zimbabwe Herald

At any critical juncture of a country’s trajectory, the truth is always the first casualty. Out of uncertainty and genuine fear, many journalists fail to objectively assess the impact of certain developments on ordinary people especially if such issues involve the military. The dream that the information age would provide greater space for critical discourse is rendered a mirage as journalists stampede to be the first to get to know the first turn of events, but remain lethargic in giving a balanced analysis based on the country’s national interests.

Yet the role of the Fourth Estate is not just to inform, educate and entertain, but also to put everything in perspective and proffer alternative realities of existence. Reporting on what has happened or is happening is the basic task of the Press, but there is also a need for a more incisive, impartial analysis of what is at stake.

The dramatic intervention of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces led by General Constantino Guveya Chiwenga into the political spectrum must be viewed and interpreted in the context of serious disharmonious developments in the governing party which, if they had been allowed to fester, had the effect of degenerating into open conflict.

What is conveniently ignored by most journalists and pseudo-political analysts is the incontestable fact that the bulk of the current top leadership in the defence forces are products of the country’s protracted liberation struggle. In essence, before they were professional soldiers or even trained guerilla fighters, they were first and foremost political players, schooled and oriented by ZANU and ZAPU — the two liberation movements that fought in the country’s war of independence.

It is this historical fact that makes Zimbabwe a uniquely structured country inasfar as its defence forces are concerned. When General Chiwenga stated that the army is a major stockholder in respect to the gains of the liberation, he is not bluffing. What he simply means is that the governing party is the custodian of the revolutionary ethos and values that sustained and liberated Zimbabwe from colonial oppression. It logically follows that any threat to those values and ethos is a direct threat to what defines Zimbabwe as enshrined in the country’s Constitution.

It is for that reason that on Monday, November 13, 2017, in a Press briefing, General Chiwenga began by quoting the country’s Constitution which speaks of: “Exalting and extolling the brave men and women who sacrificed their lives during the Chimurenga/Umvukela and national liberation struggles and honouring our forebears and compatriots who toiled for the progress of our country.”

What the military and all those who participated in the liberation war found repugnant was the attempt by some within the revolutionary party to denigrate, ostracise, isolate and marginalise the same liberation struggle that resulted in the loss of more than 50 000 lives. How on earth can someone in his sane mind embark on a crusade to denigrate the liberation struggle when its main architects are still alive and some still serving in the defence forces? This attempt to besmirch the struggle is viewed by many who participated in it as an attempt to rewrite the country’s historical trajectory and render the struggle as an irrelevant archival incident.

It is for that reason that General Chiwenga and his compatriots viewed such machinations as attempts to whitewash the history of the revolution that gave birth to present-day Zimbabwe. It is for that reason that General Chiwenga urged the party to stop purging party cadres with liberation backgrounds. So the intervention by the defence forces to halt the continuous haemorrhaging of the party was meant to protect the revolution’s legacy for the present and future generations.

At the heart of the disharmonious state of affairs in the revolutionary Zanu-PF party was the apparent widening disconnect between war veterans (those who participated in the war and nationalists) and the newer post-independence membership. Ahead of the 2018 harmonised elections, mechanisms must be put in place to ensure that war veterans are re-aligned into the party not just by providing the ideological grounding, but to become an integral part of the party like the youth and women’s leagues.

Of course, the demographic reality demands the party to acknowledge that the youths constitute the bulk of its general membership and as such must remodel itself to cater for their aspirations.

However, while it must be understood that the youth’s numerical advantage can never be a licence to denigrate those who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of the majority. More than any other time in its history, Zanu-PF is in dire need of an inter-generational conversation that seeks to establish a common ground that glues together the multifarious stakeholders.

Following General Chiwenga’s intervention, Zanu-PF needs to introspect on a number of issues. One of the issues needing serious introspection is the matter of orientation. The rigorous orientation that was the hallmark of its survival during the struggle seems to have slackened. Although military approaches of recruiting membership need re-engineering to suit post-war dynamics; its foundational ethos must at all times remain the guiding signposts for all.

New members must not only be familiar with the party’s constitution, but also have a full appreciation of its ideological thrust, a culture of absolute respect and allegiance to the hierarchical order. New members, particularly those aspiring for leadership positions at whatever level, need to have a deep understanding of ZANU-PF’s ideological principles before they can be cleared to contest in any election. The absence of a rigorous foundational induction or orientation strategy has over the years resulted in members failing to entrench themselves in the party’s belief system and, therefore, becoming easy instruments for manipulation and destabilisation.

ZANU-PF risks blighting its stupendous electoral record by accepting within its ranks people who are not only contemptuous of the party’s culture and hierarchical order, but also seek to introduce a new brand of politics alien to the tried and tested way of doing things. Other issues that need urgent address concern members, some in senior positions, whose main motivation in joining the revolutionary party are narrow and selfish ends as reflected in their venality. This brand of materialist politics being championed by some members is a departure from Zanu-PF’s tried and tested pro-majority and pro-poor policies.

The Commissariat Department must never allow politics of personality to get the better of politics of principle and ideology. Elections are won through focused mobilisation programmes that seek to sustainably win the hearts and minds of the people to your cause. The revival of the Chitepo Ideological College is one way of dealing with the disconnect that has occurred between the old and young membership.
Chipanga a Creature of Habit
November 17, 2017
Rodney Dangarembizi, Correspondent
Zimbabwe Herald

Yesterday, the leader of the Zanu-PF Youth League Kudzanai Chipanga issued an apology to the Defence Forces. Instead of owning up to his gross and grievous error in judgment he chose to implicate me and insinuate I was the author of the misconceived statement. I would like, from the outset, to categorically and unreservedly deny any involvement with the said statement and any association with the Press statement in any manner. This is not the first time Chipanga has issued abusive statements aimed at national leaders and this was not the first invective-fuelled Press statement he has issued and certainly not the last.

He is a man given to hysterical and imposing dreams not centred on reality. As such, the Press statement he issued is consistent with his abrasive nature and he should not impute blameworthiness on innocent souls like me. I am a private individual and businessman who has no inclination or propensity to abuse or scorn others as that does not improve my business or associations with other people.

Accordingly, I regret the day I met Chipanga and entertained him, not knowing that he was merely looking for a scapegoat whom he would blackmail and pin his acts upon. A demonstration of my detachment from these issues is that Mr Chipanga came to my house in the company of Jonathan Moyo and Minister Kasukuwere, urging me to attack Vice President Mnangagwa in retribution for an article that had appeared in the Independent newspaper.

In the article I was alleged to have promised General Trust Mugoba a role as General in return for him joining the G40. A ready-made statement was handed to me and I was supposed to sign it. I refused to sign it or associate myself with G40 and its destructive politics.

The person who writes such statements is well known in Zimbabwe’s political circles and was the one agitating for me to sign the document. That person’s hand is evident in the infamous Press statement and the language, diction and style is familiar to most Zimbabwean readers.

He is the one who wrote the statement not me. I am reliably informed that there is a WhatsApp screenshot circulating, where Jonathan Moyo is ordering Tongai to ensure Chipanga reads the full statement. This explains why Chipanga was jittery. No wonder why everyone is happy with the stance taken by the military to place these culprits behind bars.

In any case, Zanu-PF is a party of protocol and works with its structures that drive its organs. I am not a member of its structures and there is no way I could have given him this statement as he takes orders from his superiors in the party he, does not want to name and use me as a scapegoat.

My investigations reveal the following;

(i) Kudzi Chipanga scheduled the Press conference a night before. What document did he propose to read out at the conference?

(ii) He alleges he received the document from me at 0800hrs, assuming this is true, which assumption is not an admission but hypothesis, he only read it out at 1000hrs. What was he doing with the document for those two hours? Was he editing it or seeking approval for it?

(iii) He does not say he was coerced or induced to read the statement, showing he did it on his own

(iv) It is not a defence for an adult man to say he was influenced to commit crimes

(v) He ends his statement by banging the table and shouting “Pasi neLacoste!”, showing he owned the statement and was running the show.

(vi) All this shows that Chipanga’s story is manifestly defective and demonstrably false.

I now turn to the Generals of the (Zimbabwe) Defence Forces. As an individual, I applaud the men in uniform for arresting a deteriorating political, social and economic situation in the country. You acted at the opportune time and you will go down in history for preserving the fabric of our nation and saving a revolution which had begun to eat its own children. Given the few interactions I have had with some of the armed forces, I know that there are brilliant business minds in the military, who will take the country to a new level. We have all the trust in you.

Long live the revolution!

My appeal to you as a young businessman is to have leniency and the grace to continue dealing with the situation peacefully and with wisdom and without recriminations on those who did certain actions out of ignorance. Most of the people are young and they have been exposed to only one centre of power their whole life . . . It is fear, immaturity and the folly of youth tempered with a fear of the unknown that motivated certain rash actions and decisions.

My heart and soul will support you to the end!

As for people like Chipanga, my advice is never let your mouth write a cheque your body can’t cash!
Chipanga Under Bus, Dangarembizi Sings
November 17, 2017
Zanu-PF Secretary for Youth Cde Kudzi Chipanga
Herald Reporter—

RODNEY Dangarembizi, the man Zanu-PF Youth Affairs Secretary Cde Kudzanai Chipanga accused of originating the statement that denigrated Zimbabwe Defence Forces Commander General Constantino Chiwenga and the ZDF hierarchy, yesterday categorically denied involvement in the invective-filled statement as he dismissed the embattled youth leader as a creature of habit given to hysterical and abusive rants.

Development Minister Professor Jonathan Moyo as the author of the statement. Cde Chipanga on Wednesday apologised profusely to Gen Chiwenga and the ZDF for his derogatory remarks on Tuesday. He said the statement he read was given to him by Mr Dangarembizi. Mr Dangarembizi yesterday said Cde Chipanga should own up to his mistakes without trying to soil innocent people.

“The leader of the Zanu-PF Youth League Kudzanai Chipanga issued an apology to the Defence Forces. Instead of owning up to his gross and grievous error in judgment he chose to implicate me and insinuate I was the author of the misconceived statement. I would like from the outset to categorically and unreservedly deny any involvement with the said statement and any association with the press statement in any manner,’’ Mr Dangarembizi said.

‘‘This is not the first time Chipanga has issued abusive statements aimed at national leaders and this was not the first invective fuelled press statement he has issued and certainly not the last. He is a man given to hysterical and imposing dreams not centred on reality. As such, the press statement he issued is consistent with his abrasive nature and he should not impute blameworthiness on innocent souls like me.”

Mr Dangarembizi then spilled the beans. “A demonstration of my detachment from these issues is that Mr Chipanga came to my house in the company of Jonathan Moyo and Minister Kasukuwere urging me to attack Vice President Mnangagwa in retribution for an article that had appeared in the Independent newspaper. In the article I was alleged to have promised General Trust Mugoba a role as General in return for him joining the G40.

‘‘A ready-made statement was handed to me and I was supposed to sign it. I refused to sign it or associate myself with G4O and its destructive politics. The person who writes such statements is well known in Zimbabwe political circles and was the one agitating for me to sign the document.”

“That person’s hand is evident in the infamous press statement and the language, diction and style is familiar to most Zimbabwean readers. He is the one who wrote the statement not me,’’ Mr Dangarembizi said in apparent reference to Prof Moyo.

‘‘I am reliably informed that there is a WhatsApp screenshot circulating where Jonathan Moyo is ordering Tongai (Kasukuwere) to ensure Chipanga reads the full statement. This explains why Chipanga was jittery. No wonder why everyone is happy with the stance by the millitary to place these culprits behind bars,” he added.
Water Crisis Hits Chiredzi
November 17, 2017
Tawanda Mangoma in Chiredzi
Zimbabwe Herald

Chiredzi town has been hit by a crippling water shortage after water conveyancing pipes at the treatment plant burst. The shortages have resulted in the emergence of a black market. It now costs $1 to buy five buckets of water in some areas. Most suburbs have been without running water since Monday and council attributed the problem to burst pipes.

Town engineer Mr Wesly Kauma yesterday said all the town’s storage tanks had been emptied to allow the damaged pipes to be repaired.

“We have been busy trying to reconnect the water conveyancing pipes for the greater part of this week and we ended up draining all the water from the storage tanks because it was impossible to fix the pipes with water inside the tanks,” he said.

“Once the burst pipes have been repaired we expect the water supply situation to improve, the problem is at the pipes that draw water from the treatment plant.’’ Mr Kauma said Chiredzi was perennially blighted by water shortages caused by leakages, which required the town to overhaul the water conveyancing systems to curb loses.

“Our team is working flat out to address this problem. We really understand how critical water is to the residents and that is why we are frantically trying to fix the fault,” he said. Chiredzi Residents and Rate Payers Association chairperson Mr Jonathan Muusha rapped council for failing to update residents on the water situation.

He said council should have dispatched water bowsers to the town’s suburbs to mitigate the crisis. “Residents are unhappy because only a few suburbs are getting water supplies.

“The dire water situation is forcing desperate residents to buy water on the black market being sold by those from the few areas that have running taps. Desperate residents are buying five buckets of water for a dollar,” said Mr Muusha.

Residents fear that if the water woes persist, Chiredzi might be hit by an outbreak of diseases such as typhoid and cholera. Chiredzi has since signed a Memorandum of Agreement with the Infrastructure Development Bank of Zimbabwe (IDBZ) to upgrade the city’s water conveyancing system and meet rising demand caused by a population boom.

Thursday, November 16, 2017

Africa Buys Into Nuclear Dream
November 17, 2017
Opinion & Analysis
Lynley Donnelly  Correspondent

While questions swirl around the progress of South Africa’s nuclear plans, Russia’s state nuclear agency Rosatom is losing no time in selling the atomic dream to other African countries. Last week the company signed project-development agreements with the Nigerian government for the construction and operation of a nuclear power plant and research centre housing a multi-purpose research reactor.

Nigeria has extensive oil and gas reserves, but suffers from chronic electricity shortages. Media reports suggest the deal could cost about $20 billion, but Rosatom said the costs have yet to be determined. The agreements were signed in order to adopt the appropriate approach and establish the project’s implementation details, a Rosatum official said.

“Cost estimations and project specifications will be evaluated in accordance to this agreement,” the official said. In Egypt, plans for the construction of a nuclear plant at El Dabaa are at an advanced stage. The government has reportedly signed a $25 billion loan with Rosatom, which has yet to begin construction. South Africa’s nuclear ambitions have raised questions about affordability and the need for added nuclear power, given poor economic growth and low electricity demand. It remains to be seen whether there are similar misgivings in Nigeria’s case. The country’s fiscal balances are very susceptible to oil price and production shocks so affordability might be a major concern, according to Cobus de Hart, Nigerian analyst at NKC African Economics.

On Wednesday, credit ratings agency Moody’s downgraded Nigeria’s sovereign credit rating further. It was already junk, or sub-investment grade, and its rating was cut from B1 to B2, in part because of the government’s unsuccessful attempts to address the structural weaknesses that leave it exposed to oil-price shocks. Whether Nigeria could afford a nuclear deal would ultimately depend on the terms of the agreement and other factors such as repayment time frames, De Hart said. Nigeria’s current power plants are operating below capacity, maintenance is poor and there are frequent disruptions to gas flow, he said, and a proposed nuclear deal might signal that the country wants to diversify its energy mix. Nigerian authorities are on a privatisation drive and are trying to sell 10 natural gas-fired power plants, he said.

“However, Abuja has struggled to sell these plants due to chronic natural gas shortages, ascribed to sabotage attacks to pipelines and the fact that producers often prefer to export their natural gas rather than supplying it to domestic power plants as the former option is often more profitable.” The Nigerian Atomic Energy Agency did not respond to a request for comment. But environmentalists are asking why Nigeria is considering nuclear power.

“Nuclear energy always comes with the risk of something going horribly wrong, (and) human error combined with very complicated technology can lead to disasters on a massive scale,” said Penny-Jane Cooke, climate and energy campaigner for Greenpeace Africa. Nigeria has huge renewable energy resources available and renewable energy is currently the cheapest and most technically feasible technology available. In South Africa, the government’s nuclear plans face continued opposition, but the newly appointed Minister of Energy, David Mahlobo, remains committed to plans to expand nuclear power.

City Press reported that he is pushing his department to finalise a revised integrated resource plan (IRP) amid fears they may attempt to artificially boost the case for nuclear procurement. But treasury officials and the Minister of Finance, Malusi Gigaba, have stated that South Africa cannot afford nuclear power. Nomvula Khalo, media liaison for the Ministry of Energy, said it is “not aware of any attempt to manipulate the document when the right to determine policy interventions is being exercised”. The need to complete the IRP is driven by the need for policy certainty, which is necessary to support investor confidence, she said. Both Gigaba and Mahlobo have stressed the issues of pace and affordability, she said. Michael Sachs, the deputy-director general of the budget office, told Parliament’s standing committee on finance last week that “not only can the budget not afford it, but the country cannot afford it.”

Work done in 2015 by the treasury indicated that the proposed 9,6 gigawatt nuclear programme would be imprudent until the national debt had stabilised. The treasury found it “would have significant implications for national income, the total debt burden the balance of payments for taxpayers and electricity consumers who will bear the full cost of the programme”.

— M&G.
How Africa Can Negotiate an Effective Continental FTA Pact
November 17, 2017

Only 15 percent of the goods traded in Africa are produced locally, leading to an annual food import bill of over US$35 billion

Calestous Juma Correspondent

African countries are forging ahead to complete negotiations for a continental free trade area between 55 countries by early next year. The idea, adopted by the African Union in 2012, is to create a single market which includes the free movement of goods, services and people. The integrated African market covers 1,2 billion people and a combined GDP of over USD$3,5 trillion. Large markets are job-creating as they support more trade in goods, services and assets. It is expected that a well designed agreement would help Africa boost industrial development, promote economic transformation and create new wealth. The benefits won’t be automatic but will require continuous national, regional and continental efforts.

Large regional markets are also essential for industrialisation. This is because they attract investment into firms that can diversify their product lines and stimulate the creation of related industries. This includes the supply of spare parts, distribution of goods and provision of advisory services. Some of these may start as their supplies but they may also grow into independent enterprises. Viewed against the odds of success in getting 55 countries to foster meaningful regional integration, Africa has made commendable progress in crafting its own creative approach. But reports from recent talks and a slowdown of regional integration efforts suggest a disturbing trend.

Some government delegates are likely to seek to include protection for existing products and industries. This would be detrimental to the process if these lists ended up shaping the final agreement given the 2018 signing deadline. Such a retreat would run counter to recent advances in Africa’s trade integration efforts. In 2015, for example, three regional trading blocs, covering 650 million people in 26 countries, signed the landmark Tripartite Free Trade Area with a combined GDP of over USD$1,5 trillion.

Agreement challenges

The trade agreement nevertheless needs to be carefully thought out, particularly given that Africa is starting with a low intra-regional trade of 15 percent compared to 19 percent in Latin America, 51 percent in Asia and 72 percent for Europe. There is the risk that rushed negotiations could result in an agreement with too many exceptions to cover protected industries. This could include using non-tariff barriers – like safety measures – to protect local industries. A range of African countries use non-tariff barriers to curb imports of goods such as maize, milk, sugar, food oil products, and steel and iron.

Sensitive and excluded products – like sugar and dairy products – might in some cases cover up to 600 tariff lines (product codes used at the national level). But these exceptions should be used sparingly to enable domestic industries to access the larger regional and global markets needed for their growth. In addition, the trade agreement needs to address the effects it may have on existing industries, environment, peace and security. It also needs to provide the policy space needed for governments to promote social policies such as job creation that could provide new performance standard for industries. Such policies should also balance between social goals and the need to be competitive on the global market.

Concerns over the expansion of foreign imports, rather than regional trade integration, also needs to be carefully assessed to avoid the free trade area becoming a conduit for imports. This could undermine Africa’s goals to increase its industrial and trade capacity. At present, nearly 85 percent of the goods traded in Africa come from outside the continent. Only 15 percent of the goods traded in Africa are produced locally, leading to an annual food import bill of over US$35 billion.

But the focus of the negotiations should not be the fear of imports. Rather the focus should be on scaling up export production in existing niche markets through the creation of new industries. Examples of growing industries include the supply of semi-processed processed foods that are turned into final products by importers. African firms such as the Agro Chemical and Food Company in Kenya are also producing speciality chemicals which are used in a variety of medical and manufacturing in- dustries.

Moving away from protectionism

The alternative to protection is therefore market growth. This involves having deeper knowledge of markets through the collection of key information market, eliminating trade barriers, reducing subsidies and upgrading the quality of infrastructure. It also involves building capacity to manage the rules of origin of products to avoid illegal dumping of goods, customs and trade procedures and reporting and resolution of trade barriers.

The negotiations need to shift their focus from protectionism to greater regional trade integration. One way to do this is to set up a high-level expert committee or panel – drawn from government, private sector, academia and civil society – to include other relevant perspectives on issues such as infrastructure, technological capacity, and industrial growth. This would help to broaden discussions to reflect Africa’s current needs view of trade as an instrument for economic transformation.

This committee would be guided by evidence-based research as well as by Africa’s own regional trade experiences. There are many examples that show how quickly Africa is learning about the risks of using bans and exemptions to restrict regional trade. For example, Zambia’s positive decision to reverse a ban on fruit and vegetable imports. The committee would also need to draw on lessons from other regions of the world. As I set out in “Emergent Africa: Evolution of Regional Integration”, Africa has a lot to learn from regional trade integration, especially the Association of Southeast Asian Nations .

The bloc’s approach to integration transcends the traditional focus on the free movement of goods. It includes measures such as the creation of industrial parks to foster industrial development. The region also uses technology-based agreements covering key fields such as information and telecommunications technologies. This is particularly important because of the role of engineering and technology in all aspects of trade covering product design, production and distribution through international logistics chains.

The future is open

The challenges facing African trade negotiators are not easy. Africa’s regional integration efforts are the most complex ever undertaken. They are not just about emulating trading rules used in other regions of the world. They are about remaking the continent to create new networked interactions between sovereign states in a flexible way. This makes for a more open future with expanding possibilities to use regional trade integration to spread pros- perity.

Calestous Juma, Professor of the Practice of International Development, Harvard University
African Governments Urged to Invest in Land
November 16, 2017
 Abdalla Hamdok - pic from  Mo Ibrahim Foundation

Ruth Butaumocho in Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA

AFRICAN governments should seize the opportunity to invest in its land, through strategies and interventions that focuses on women and youth.

Speaking at the official opening of the land policy in Africa conference here on Tuesday, the United Nations Economic for Commission for Africa, (Uneca), deputy executive secretary Mr Abdalla Hamdok said African nations should use land as a major resource to enhance food production, peace and security, while ensuring environmental protection.

“Equitable access and land utilisation and its resources is vital for sustainable economic growth, increased agricultural productivity and the development of a robust agribusiness on the continent.

“Land forms the basis for agriculture, forestry, mining, industry, tourism and urban development. But to maximise on the benefits of land and its resources, inclusion of land users in decision making, on how land is governed and managed is crucial, ” he said adding that access to land by the women and youth would transform into economic empowerment.

A youth and women representative from Kenya, Ms Rachel Mwakali said women and youth on the continent needed to secure lands rights in their respective countries to ensure that they contribute to economic growth.

She however noted with concern that women and youth were failing to access land because of inheritance and customary practices, which regarded them as minors with no direct access to claim land.

The majority of women in Africa were the most affected, and often failed to acquire land in the event of the death of their spouses, she said.

“Why would you put extra effort to develop land that is not and that you won’t be able to pass on to your children? More than 70 percent of African population is made up of the youth, but sadly only a negligible percent own land,”she said.

Running under the theme ”The Africa we want;Achieving socioeconomic transformation through inclusive and equitable access to land by the youth”, the conference comes at a time when the African Union declared 2017 as African’s year of youth as agents of socio-economic transformation.

Africa is the most youthful continent with 65 percent of the population said to be between the ages of 15 to 35 years.

During the conference, which ends tomorrow (Friday) a delegation from Zimbabwe are expected to present a paper on Guarded urban boundaries:Implications for peri urban land policy in Zimbabwe.
FAO Strengthens Southern African Countries to Fight Crop Pest Outbreak
November 15, 2017

LUSAKA. — The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) said on Tuesday that it has managed to build capacity in southern Africa and elsewhere to combat possible armyworm outbreaks in the fall.

The crop-munching pests broke out in the region during the 2016-2017 farming season, destroying large swathes of planted crops. Reports in Zambia have indicated a possible outbreak in the 2017 farming season.

George Okech, the FAO representative in Zambia, said capacity-building programs, especially on early warning systems, have been conducted to prepare the countries against the pests.

“We are currently collaborating with the (Zambian) Ministry of Agriculture and agriculture research institutions in order to build capacity in them. We have … provided expert and technical programs … to detect and prevent the pests,” Okech told Xinhua. Pheromone traps and lures have been placed in strategic areas to trap the moth. Other innovative technologies such as drones and remote sensing were being considered, he said. According to Okech, FAO has distributed 2,600 traps to the countries. 

– Xinhua
SADC Envoys in Zimbabwe for Mediation Talks Between President Mugabe and Military at State House in Harare
President says he must serve out his term until 2018

16 NOVEMBER 2017 - 07:56
South African Defence Minister Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula.
Picture: TREVOR SAMSON

The South African delegation to Zimbabwe is meeting with the country’s defence force and President Robert Mugabe, Communications Minister Mmamaloko Kubayi-Ngubane told reporters in Parliament on Thursday.

The government has denied reports that the envoys - Defence Minister Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula and State Security Minister Bongani Bongo - were turned away.

President Jacob Zuma has said he has spoken to Mugabe, who was confined to his home but was “fine”.

She was briefing reporters on the outcome of Wednesday’s Cabinet meeting, Kubayi-Ngubane said: “Cabinet supports the intervention by President Jacob Zuma in his capacity as chair of Sadc in response to the Zimbabwean situation.”

She said Zuma would brief Angolan President João Lourenço, who is the current chair of the Southern African Development Community (Sadc) organ for politics, defence and security.

Mapisa-Nqakula and Bongo arrived in Harare on Wednesday evening. They left the Waterkloof Airforce Base in Pretoria at 6pm and landed shortly after 7.30pm.

Zuma dispatched them in his capacity as Sadc chairman.

The pair have been tasked with holding talks with the besieged 93-year-old leader and Zimbabwean army generals‚ who have so far denied their military takeover on Wednesday morning was a coup.

Zimbabwe’s military seized power on Wednesday‚ saying it was holding Mugabe and his family safe while targeting "criminals" around him.

A Sadc statement said Zuma had called for a meeting of the Sadc Organ Troika and the chairman of the Sadc Council of Ministers to discuss the unfolding political and security situation in Zimbabwe.

The meeting is expected to be held in Gaborone‚ Botswana‚ on Thursday.

"The meeting will be attended by the ministers responsible for foreign or external affairs from the Sadc Organ Troika member states‚ namely‚ Angola‚ Tanzania and Zambia‚ plus the Sadc Council chairperson‚ who is the Minister of International Relations and Co-operation for South Africa (Maite Nkoana-Mashabane)‚" Sadc said.

Sources with knowledge of the situation said the envoys were on a fact-finding mission and would not mediate in talks between the governing party Zanu (PF) and the ZDF.

Zuma has called for "calm and restraint" and for the ZDF to ensure "peace and stability are not undermined".

Meanwhile‚ African Union (AU) Commission chairman Moussa Faki has thrown his weight behind Zuma on the Zimbabwean crisis.

In a statement‚ Faki expressed the commitment of the AU to "working closely with Sadc and the leaders of the region‚ and to support their efforts".

"In this regard‚ the AU associates itself with the statement made by President Jacob Zuma of SA on behalf of Sadc‚" he said.

President Robert Mugabe is insisting he remains Zimbabwe’s only legitimate ruler and balking at mediation by a Catholic priest to allow the 93-year-old former guerrilla a graceful exit after a military coup, sources said on Thursday.

A political source who spoke to senior allies holed up with Mugabe and his wife, Grace, in his lavish “Blue House” Harare compound said Mugabe had no plans to resign voluntarily ahead of elections scheduled for next year.

“It’s a sort of stand-off, a stalemate,” the source said. “They are insisting the president must finish his term.”

Wednesday, November 15, 2017

EDITORIAL COMMENT: Custodians Returning Revolution to Source
November 16, 2017
Opinion & Analysis
Zimbabwe Herald

EVENTS of the past few days can be described as most unusual for Zimbabwe. That is because the military does not readily interfere in civilian political affairs. Yet this week they had to break with this long tradition, in the words of the Commander of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces, because of “instability in Zanu-PF” which was causing a lot of anxiety in the population. He said the problems in the revolutionary party were “a direct result of the machinations of counter-revolutionaries who have infiltrated the party and whose agenda is to destroy it from within”.

More specifically, General Constantino Chiwenga said on Monday: “We must remind those behind the current treacherous shenanigans that when it comes to matters of protecting our revolution, the military will not hesitate to step in.” And Zanu-PF is the embodiment of that revolution.

The aim, the military said, was not to effect a coup, but stabilise the situation in the country and return operations to normalcy.

Major-General Sibusiso Moyo, in an address to the nation on ZBCTV yesterday morning, also assured the nation that there was no intention to stage a coup. He stated that President Mugabe’s safety and security were guaranteed while the military was “only targeting criminals around him who are committing crimes that are causing social and economic suffering in the country in order to bring them to justice”.

It is not for us to define for the ZDF which activities can easily lead to national instability, but what cannot be denied is that they are heavily invested in the affairs of Zanu-PF and its state of health ahead of harmonised elections next year.

Moreover, like everyone else, they are affected by the daily economic and political developments in the country.

For a long time President Mugabe has warned party supporters against engaging in petty squabbles and pursuing personal vendettas at the expense of service to the people. He has spoken strongly against corruption. He has also made several appeals against factionalism in the revolutionary party, and how this scourge can easily weaken the party. All this has gone unheeded, which could explain in part why there has been little action in the implementation of the revolutionary party’s Zim-Asset programme even as the economic blueprint enters its final phase.

If for nothing else, if the intervention by the military in the affairs of Zanu-PF can in a small way remind party officials of the President’s exhortations and get them to refocus their attention on those who voted for them, that action would have done a lot for the ruling party. There is a huge dividend in the end in the form of an assured electoral victory next year and also rekindling the revolutionary spirit which has made Zanu-PF a household name in Zimbabwe and beyond. It has become a living brand, which unfortunately was being soiled by those who should be helping the President in the execution of his duties.

We don’t doubt the deleterious impact on the economy of sanctions imposed on the country by Western European nations and the United States over the land reform programme. But that cannot be the sole reason. There is just too much time wasted on personal affairs while the nation is neglected. Meanwhile, we hope those in charge of the affairs of the State will put their heads together and return the nation to normalcy as soon as possible. It is not elections alone pressing upon us.

The farming season demands full attention in the form of resources. Productivity is what will keep Zanu-PF in power and assure the nation of stability.
Zimbabwe Defense Forces Hailed for Upholding Rights
November 16, 2017
Fidelis Munyoro Chief Court Reporter
Herald

Legal experts have extolled the Zimbabwe Defence Forces (ZDF) for its political stabilisation intervention, which they say was done in the spirit of national interest and security. In addition, the legal experts said the intervention was done in accordance with the dictates and tenets of the Constitution and in respect of Sadc and AU security protocols. They also applauded the fact that the intervention was done in a way that prevented bloodshed, promotes peace and national development.A top Harare lawyer, who declined to be identified, said the ZDF acted with considerable restraint and commendable respect for the Constitution of Zimbabwe, its people and the incumbent President.

“It must be emphasised that the actions of the army are constitutionally permissible, legally justified and totally warranted,” he said speaking on condition of anonymity. The military has received everyone’s imprimatur and support across the political divide. A new era has dawned. The true heroes of Chimurenga/Umvukela have stood up and have been counted. Brave Zimbabwe Defence Forces.”

Another lawyer, Mr Tendai Toto, said the military acted within the precincts of their defined obligations under the country’s Constitution, in particular Section 212. The section provides for the constitutional function of the ZDF to protect Zimbabwe, its people, its national security and interests and its territorial integrity and to uphold the Constitution.

“It is from these provisions that the ZDF has invoked military constitutionalism in a positive and non-abusive manner,” said Mr Toto. He said the status quo emanated from an imminent threat to national security, further social and economic harm to the people of Zimbabwe.

“It is the function of the ZDF to protect the threatened interests of security and the interests of the people of Zimbabwe in general,” said Mr Toto.

“That said, the impugned threats compelled the ZDF to take corrective measures to pursue and promote the steady progression, peace and the stability of the country. Thus, is the positive employment of military constitutionalism.” The ZDF, he said, did not deploy the defence forces to dislodge the elected President from political and civil power.

“The ZDF emphatically reaffirmed President Mugabe as the Head of State and Government and Commander-in-Chief of the ZDF,” he said.

“They have also not made a declaration that they have taken over the administrative functions of Government. They have encouraged all and sundry, civil and private servants and all services to continue in a normal way. Effectively, no coup d’état has occurred therefore,” he said.

Mr Toto said the defence forces presence in the public sphere and at certain institutions were providing the required assistance in the maintenance of public order as they carried out the forestated corrective measures.

Advocate Webster Chinamhora said: “The army has assured the nation that the intervention aims to arrest a deteriorating political situation. I hope a mechanism will be put in place for a swift return to civilian rule. If they have a transitional governance arrangement in mind, it ought to be inclusive.”

Adv Chinamhora said ultimately there should be a progression to democratic elections so that the intervention would not lose credibility and be seen as a disguised subversion of the constitutional process. The ZDF announced yesterday that they had taken corrective measures to address political, social and the economic situation in the country, which they said risked degenerating into violent confrontation.
Zimbabwe Chiefs Want Land Bill Shelved
November 16, 2017
Zvamaida Murwira Senior Reporter
Zimbabwe Herald

Traditional leaders have expressed their dissatisfaction over the rejection of amendments to the Land Commission Bill where they were pushing to have their members sit in the Zimbabwe Land Commission. In an interview, Chiefs Council president Fortune Charumbira said they had resolved to appeal to a “higher authority” to ensure that the Bill, which has since sailed through Parliament is not signed into law without their proposals.

A fortnight ago, the National Assembly rejected amendments to the Land Commission Bill that had been referred to it from Senate that sought to include traditional leaders in the Land Commission. Chief Charumbira yesterday lashed out at some legislators who led the onslaught to reject the amendments saying it was unheard of to exclude traditional leaders on governance of land.

“Some adventurous MPs with no history of the struggle believe that chiefs should not sit on the Land Commission. That is outrageous and shocking that we have MPs who think like that. We have appealed to higher offices that the Bill be rejected so that the amendments are accepted to ensure that chiefs are included,” said Chief Charumbira. He said they had since started lobbying for the inclusion of the amendments, adding that the matter was raised during their conference that was held in Bulawayo last month.

“Chiefs are custodians of land and it is unheard of that they can be excluded in matters to do with land. We believe that the rejection was pushed by MPs with a colonial agenda,” said Chief Charumbira. Amendments to the Bill were overwhelmingly adopted in Senate after Chief Charumbira convinced members of the Upper House of the need to include traditional leaders in the Land Commission.

The amendments, were subsequently referred to the National Assembly which shot them down. The National Assembly upheld an Adverse Report by the Parliamentary Legal Committee which said inclusion of traditional leaders was unconstitutional. The Zimbabwe Land Commission is a product of the new Constitution that was adopted in 2013.

Its responsibilities include advising Government on management of agricultural land, carrying out periodic audits and settling land disputes. In its adverse report, the PLC said the Constitution did not allow traditional leaders jurisdiction over agricultural land, but on communal land, rendering their proposed amendments unconstitutional.

The traditional leaders stuck to their guns, saying the recommendations by the PLC were not binding. The Bill was, as a result, referred back to the National Assembly. Lands and Rural Resettlement Minister Dr Douglas Mombeshora brought back the Bill to the National Assembly with the proposed amendments.

The Zimbabwe Land Commission is chaired by Commissioner Tendai Bare and deputised by Mr Tadious Muzoroza. Its other members are Retired Major Abdul Gabriel Credit Nyathi, Commissioners Jeanatte Marrie Manjengwa, Judith Buzuzi, Emmanuel Eventhough Nyamusa, Margaret Chinamhora, Edmore Augustine Mugwagwa Ndudzo and Luke Taurai Buka.
Chipanga Apologizes, Spills the Beans
November 16, 2017
Herald Reporters—

To watch a video of portions of the statement by Kudzanai Chipanga just go to the following website:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VO6pNGVR0nw

ZANU-PF National Youth League Secretary Cde Kudzanai Chipanga last night apologised profusely to Zimbabwe Defences Forces Commander General Constantino Guveya Chiwenga and the Zimbabwe Defence Forces hierarchy for his remarks on Tuesday at the ZANU-PF Headquarters in which he denigrated the ZDF, saying he was not the author of the statement he read. The four-page statement, Cde Chipanga said, was handed to him on Tuesday morning by one Rodney Dangarembizi.

Speaking on ZBC-TV last night, Cde Chipanga said he was a young man, still learning and had learnt a lot from the incident. “Public apology to Commander Zimbabwe Defence Forces General Constantino Guveya Chiwenga, Commander Zimbabwe National Army General Phillip Valerio Sibanda and the Air Force of Zimbabwe Commander Air Marshal Perrance Shiri and the generality of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces and the entire nation of Zimbabwe.

I would like to apologise for the statement I made yesterday (Tuesday) together with my executive at the ZANU-PF Headquarters. I as leader of the revolutionary party’s Youth League, I have reflected and personally admitted that I erred.

‘‘I was ill-advised to read a statement which I and the Youth League had not originated neither authored. The document which I read I was handed it over by one Rodney Dangarembizi in the morning at around 8.30am which was denigrating your high office and your person,” he said.

Cde Chipanga implored Gen Chiwenga to accept his apology. “Therefore, I kindly request General Chiwenga to please Sir accept my apologies on behalf of the Youth League and myself. We are still young people. We are still growing up and learning from our mistakes. From this big mistake, we have learnt a lot,” he said. Cde Chipanga said he was not forced or persuaded by anyone to apologise to the army hierarchy and had done so upon reflection.

“I will also like to emphasise that this statement which I have given I have not been persuaded neither coerced or forced to do as such. I emphasise that I have reflected on my own as a young person, as the leader of the Youth League hence I have come to this juncture of offering myself to the State media to give this public apology. We shall also make frantic efforts to approach the commanders of our Defence Forces in person so that we convey this apology. I thank you.”

On Tuesday Cde Chipanga slammed Gen Chiwenga and the ZDF saying, “All those in security sector fatigues who wish to engage in politics are free to throw their hats in the ring and not hide behind the barrel of the gun’’ as he accused the ZDF of looting diamonds among other alleged infractions.
Report for Duty, Civil Servants Urged in Zimbabwe
November 16, 2017
Farirai Machivenyika Senior Reporter—
Zimbabwe Herald

Government has urged public servants to continue reporting for duty and reiterated its commitment to adequately take care of their welfare. The chairman of the Public Service Commission and Service Commissions, Dr Mariyawanda Nzuwah, said this in a statement announcing pay dates for November for public servants and pensioners yesterday. “As is always the norm all public servants are expected to report for duty every day and timeously and to provide services to all the people of Zimbabwe in rural and urban areas with the greatest of efficiency.

“Government will continue to ensure that your welfare is adequately taken care of,” Dr Nzuwah said.

The Zimbabwe National Army and the Air Force of Zimbabwe will be paid on November 17, the health sector on November 21, the Zimbabwe Republic Police and the Zimbabwe Prisons and Correctional Services on November 24, the education sector on November 28, the rest of civil service on November 30 and pensioners on December 5.

The Zimbabwe Federation of Trade Unions welcomed the intervention by the ZDF urging all workers to continue putting shoulder to the wheel. “We are also urging all progressive and patriotic employers not to unwantonly close businesses, factories, banks, shops, etc. We urge all workers particularly those that are formally employed, the farmers, peasants, vendors to continue peacefully with their usual day-to- day chores as they are guaranteed peace and stability by our defence forces.

“As ZFTU we have confidence in the pronouncements made to the nation by the Commander ZDF General, Dr Constantino Guveya Chiwenga. ZFTU urges workers to do their duty of developing the country as we are forever the vanguard of the economy.” The Zimbabwe Liberation War Collaborators also paid tribute to the ZDF.

In a statement, Ziliwaco secretary-general Cde Jabulani Mbetu said the ZDF actions had restored the revolutionary spirit in Zanu-PF that had been eroded by reactionary elements that had infiltrated the party. “We had much to lose by this revolution diminishing, our status as veterans of the struggle. Our traumatic pains of the revolution were not going to heal by the loss of this legacy.

“Once again thank you comrades for the restoration which we had lost hope by events which were at play. We would like to call all war collaborators to re-energise yourselves to restore the revolution by economic development activities, unlike people who had been scattered by imperialist elements let us preach peace and development to our people,” Cde Mbetu said.

Meanwhile, South African President and Sadc chairman Jacob Zuma yesterday said he will send special envoys to Zimbabwe and Angola in light of the current situation. In a statement, President Zuma called for calm saying Sadc would continue monitoring the situation.

“The President is sending the Minister of Defence and Military Veterans Ms Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula and the Minister of State Security, Advocate Bongani Bongo, to Zimbabwe to meet with President Robert Mugabe and the Zimbabwean Defence Forces.

“President Zuma spoke to President Mugabe earlier today (yesterday) who indicated that he was confined to his home but said that he was fine. South Africa is also in contact with the ZDF. The special envoys will also be sent to the Republic of Angola to see President Joao Laurenco, chairperson of the Sadc Organ on Politics, Defence and Security, to brief him on the situation,” read the statement.
Business as Usual Countrywide
November 16, 2017

People going through their business in Harare yesterday.-(Picture by Tawanda Mudimu)

Zvamaida Murwira Senior Reporter—
Zimbabwe Herald

ZIMBABWEANS went about their daily chores yesterday with shops, banks, transport operators and other service providers opening for business as usual with no reports of violence. The Zimbabwe Defence Forces announced early yesterday morning that they had taken action to pacify the degenerating political, social and economic situation in the country which, if left unchecked, would have resulted in violent conflict.

Their intervention, they emphasised, was not a coup but corrective action necessitated by circumstances as they upheld their allegiance to their Commander-in-Chief, President Robert Mugabe. To this end, they urged people to go about their normal business without let or hindrance saying they were committed to upholding people’s rights and freedoms.

In separate interviews yesterday, representatives of different entities said it was business as usual. Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries president Mr Sifelani Jabangwe said business was unhindered yesterday as they traded without any disturbances. “It was normal. From what we got from our members in Harare, Bulawayo and other towns it was a normal trading day. There were no disturbances at all. Our members will continue trading as normal,” said Mr Jabangwe.

Confederation of Zimbabwe Retailers president Mr Denford Mutashu said their members traded normally throughout the day yesterday. “We actually got reports not only from Harare but in other towns that business was normal. Initially business had started low in the morning owing to traffic jams. It later picked up and traded normally. Actually we have been speaking to several retailers that have been calling us from different parts of the country and we assured them to continue working,” said Mr Mutashu.

“We are happy that there has not been any disruption because ultimately it is the economy that we want to grow. We urge people to continue going to work.” He said those businesses that delayed opening as a precautionary measure subsequently traded upon realising that there would be no disturbances.

Everything was normal on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange whose main industrial index, at the close of trading yesterday, was down 1,28 percent to 527,27, while the mining index remained unchanged. Turnover for the day at $13,6 million was slightly lower than $15 million on Tuesday. Greater Harare Association of Commuter Operators secretary-general Mr Ngoni Katsvairo said kombis were operating normally owing to the prevailing peace and calm.

“It has been normal. Kombis have been operating normally. It was business as usual and we have urged them to continue. We just hope that the calmness will continue to prevail. I have moved around the central business district in Harare and I have also been receiving reports from our members. We did not get any reports of any incident occurring. Kombis have been carrying people normally,” said Mr Katsvairo.

Soldiers keeping peace and security on a Tanker along Nelson Mandela in Harare yesterday.
Soldiers keeping peace and security on a Tanker along Nelson Mandela in Harare yesterday.
Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions secretary-general Mr Japhet Moyo said workers were going about their daily chores unhindered. He said they did not receive any reports of disruption of any business activity.

“Business has been normal although it started on a low note. As workers we have realised that whatever is happening, it is not targeting workers. Our colleagues in uniform have their own targets and not our members who are the workers. As a result there was no business that was disrupted throughout the day and across the whole country according to reports we have been receiving,” said Mr Moyo.

He said some workers expressed concern whether they would be able to travel safely back home from work. “We assured them that there was nothing to fear because they were not the targets by our colleagues in camouflage,” he said. Several people spoken to in central Harare confirmed calm was the order of the day. There were queues at banking halls and vendors were on the streets trading. Clinics and hospitals were open and attending to patients.
Zanu-PF Youth Leader Apologizes for 'Big Mistake' of 'Denigrating' Army
2017-11-15 15:16

On Harare's streets, many expressed amazement and delight on Wednesday that President Robert Mugabe's long reign may be coming to a close, but people also admitted the future looked unstable.

Last Updated at 20:23

Zimbabwe's state broadcaster has interrupted its programming to air an apology by the ruling party's youth leader to army commanders for "denigrating" them.

Kudzanai Chipanga says the statement he made earlier this week attacking the military did not originate with him.

He also said he was making his public apology without coercion.

He says that "by this big mistake we have learned a lot".

Zimbabwe's army early Wednesday announced that President Robert Mugabe and his family were under house arrest.
Zimbabwe War Veterans Hold Press Conference in Response to the Present Situation
Watch this press conference by clicking on the website below:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PB61k2SnlXw

263Chat will provide live updates of the war veterans press conference that is currently underway at Club Chambers in Harare. The press conference follows an address by the army that they are in the process of cleansing the country of 'criminals whom they accuse of suffocating the country and causing untold suffering on the people.

1241hrs: The presser will be addresses by Douglas Mahiya and Victor Matemadanda

1243hrs: After some singing of revolutionary songs, Douglas Mahiya begins his address. He urges war veterans in the room to celebrate.

1244hrs: Mahiya introduces war veterans leadership.

1245hrs: Matemadanda begins his address. He says his speech is based on the constitution of Zanu PF and the country. He says the constitution had been thrown into the dustbin.

1246hrs: Matemadanda says the constitution allows the army to intervene to protect the national security of the country

1248hrs: He says Zanu PF should set aside all suspensions and dismissal by G40 and cabal.

1249hrs: All the people from the central committee, provincial and ordinary members should be pardoned before the December congress.

1250hrs: war veterans should be restored as the fourth wing of Zanu PF

1250hrs: Why did Robert Mugabe chosen to work with counter revolutionaries. Why did he chose to denounce war veterans who have been with him during the liberation war, querried Matemadanda.

1251hrs: Robert Mugabe must be recalled from his position.

1252hrs: crimes committed by Robert Mugabe are much worse than Ndabaningi Sithole

1255hrs: Chipanga was leading a quasi army insulting Army Generals

1255hrs: all political parties in Zim must recognise the role played by war veterans.

1256hrs: we want to facilitate good and proper running of forthcoming elections.

1256hrs: the youths should respect state institutions mandated to work for people.

1257hrs: Zanu PF youth league is not an army of the state.

1257hrs: Chipanga's challenge on the army general is unheard of.

1258hrs: bootlicing had become the order of Zanu PF.

1258hrs: we applaud the work done by CDF and commander of the airforce.

1259hrs: Zimbabwe belongs to us all. We call upon all sections of our security forces. They should shun the practise of yesterday where they arrested those who opposed state capture.

1300hrs: the police have not cleared by 18 November indaba. The meeting is going on.

1301hrs: Matemadanda says the Zanu PF central committee will proceed and align the party to return to constitutionalism

1302hrs: ZBC should be very patriotic this time, they should not be partisan and factional this time.

1303hrs: All political parties should embrace this, we anticipate inclusivity as no one person can correct the situation that we are in.

1304hrs: Those like Rugare Gumbo must return to the party. You cannot be fired by someone who came after you.

1306hrs: Matemadanda ends his address.

1306hrs: He says the country is running as usual.

1307hrs: He says the army has not taken over
Zimbabwe Defense Forces Statement: 'We Are Targeting the Criminals Around the President’
November 15, 2017
Zimbabwe Herald

You can watch the statement delivered by Zimbabwe Maj. Gen. S.B. Moyo over the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) earlier today by clicking on the website below:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DpuD18v5RHM

Fellow Zimbabweans, following the address we made on 13 November 2017 which we believe our main broadcaster, ZBC and The Herald were directed not to publicise, the situation in our country has moved to another level.

Firstly, we wish to assure the nation that His Excellency, The President, of the Republic of Zimbabwe, and Commander in Chief of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces, Cde R.G. Mugabe and his family are safe and sound and their security is guaranteed.

We are only targeting criminals around him who are committing crimes that are causing social and economic suffering in the country in order to bring them to justice. As soon as we have accomplished our mission we expect that the situation will return to normalcy.

To the civil servants, as you are aware, there is a plan by the same individuals to influence the current purging which is place in the political sphere to the civil service. We are against that act of injustice and we intend to protect every one of you against that.

To the judiciary, the measures underway are intended to ensure that, as an independent arm of the State, you are able to exercise your independent authority without fear of being obstructed as has been the case with this group of individuals.

To our Members of Parliament, your legislative role is of paramount importance for peace and stability in this country and it is our desire that a dispensation is created that allows you to serve your respective political constituencies according to democratic tenets.

To the generality of the people of Zimbabwe, we urge you to remain calm and limit unnecessary movement. However, we encourage those who are employed and those with essential business in the city to continue their normal activities as usual. Our wish is that you enjoy your rights and freedoms and that we return our country to a dispensation that allows for investment, development and prosperity that we all fought for and for which many of our citizens paid the supreme sacrifice.

To political parties, we urge you to discourage your members from engaging in violent behaviour.

To the youths, we call upon you to realise that the future of this country is yours. Do not be enticed with dirty coins of silver, be disciplined and remain committed to the ethos and values of this great nation.

To all Churches and religious organisations in Zimbabwe, we call upon you and your congregations to pray for our country and preach the gospel of love, peace, unity and development.

To both our people and the world beyond our borders, we wish to make it abundantly clear that this is not a military takeover of Government. What the Zimbabwe Defence Forces is doing is to pacify a degenerating political, social and economic situation in our country which if not addressed may result in violent conflict.

We call upon all the war veterans to play a positive role in ensuring peace, stability and unity in the country.

To members of the Defence Forces, all leave is cancelled and you are all to return to your barracks with immediate effect.

To our respected traditional leaders, you are the custodians of our culture, customs, traditions and heritage and we request you to provide leadership and direction to your communities for the sake of unity and development in our country.

To the other Security Services, we urge you to cooperate for the good of our country. Let it be clear that we intend to address the human security threats in our country. Therefore any provocation will be met with an appropriate response.

To the media, we urge you to report fairly and responsibly.

Thank you.
‘In Defense of the Nation’s Founding Values, Gains of Independence’
November 15, 2017
Zimbabwe Herald

Let us begin by quoting the Constitution of this Country particularly the preamble which speaks of “Exalting and extolling the brave men and women who sacrificed their lives during the Chimurenga/Umvukela and national liberation struggles and honouring our forebears and compatriots who toiled for the progress of our country”.

It is with humility and a heavy heart that we come before you to pronounce the indisputable reality that there is instability in Zanu-PF today and as a result anxiety in the country at large. Zimbabwe’s history is hinged on the ideals of the revolution dating back to the First Chimurenga where thousands of people perished.

Zanu-PF is the political Party that waged the Second Chimurenga for our independence; the struggle that caused the loss of over 50 thousand lives of our people; the struggle in which many Zimbabweans, in one way or the other, sacrificed and contributed immensely for our liberation.

Many of these gallant fighters still live-on with the spirited hope of seeing a prosperous Zimbabwe but also the hope of leaving behind inheritance and legacy for posterity. It is pertinent to restate that the Zimbabwe Defence Forces remain the major stockholder in respect to the gains of the liberation struggle and when these are threatened we are obliged to take corrective measures.

Clearly, Zanu-PF having mainly been the only Party that has ruled this country since Independence, it had become a household name to most Zimbabweans across political divide. Therefore, it is common cause that any instability within the Party naturally impacts on their social, political and economic lives, accordingly, there is distress, trepidation and despondence within the nation.

Our peace-loving people who have stood by their Government and endured some of the most trying social and economic conditions ever experienced are extremely disturbed by what is happening within the ranks of the national revolutionary Party.

What is obtaining in the revolutionary Party is a direct result of the machinations of counter revolutionaries who have infiltrated the Party and whose agenda is to destroy it from within. It is saddening to see our revolution being hijacked by agents of our erstwhile enemies who are now at the brink of returning our country to foreign domination against which so many of our people perished.

The famous slogan espoused by His Excellency, The President of the Republic of Zimbabwe Head of State and Government and Commander-in-Chief of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces, Cde R. G. Mugabe: “Zimbabwe will never be a colony again” is being seriously challenged by counter revolutionary infiltrators who are now effectively influencing the direction of the Party.

It is our strong and deeply considered position that if drastic action is not taken immediately, our beloved country Zimbabwe is definitely headed to becoming a neo-colony again.

The current purging and cleansing process in Zanu-PF which so far is targeting mostly members associated with our liberation history is a serious cause for concern to us in the Defence Forces.

As a result of squabbling within the ranks of Zanu-PF, there has been no meaningful development in the country for the past 5 years. The resultant economic impasse has ushered-in more challenges to the Zimbabwean populace such as cash shortages and rising commodities prices.

Our revolutionary path is replete with conduct and rebellion by people who have attempted to destroy the revolution from within. The formation of FROLIZI, the attempt to remove the late Cde Chitepo from his position of Chairman at the Mumbwa bogus Congress in 1973, the Nhari-Badza rebellion, Ndabaningi Sithole rebellion soon after the death of Cde Chitepo, the Vashandi 1 and 2 as well as the rebellion that led to the death of the late ZIPRA Commander, Cde Alfred Nikita Mangena, among others are cases in point.

Therefore, the current shenanigans by people who do not share the same liberation history of Zanu-PF Party are not a surprise to us.

But, what is significant to us and the generality of Zimbabweans is to remember that all these rebellions were defused by the military, but at no point did the military usurp power.

We must remind those behind the current treacherous shenanigans that when it comes to matters of protecting our revolution, the military will not hesitate to step in.

ZANU PF’s standing political virtues are a product of faithful adherence to the founding values, decorum, discipline and revolutionary protocol in the ruling Party.

Party orders were strictly adhered to and whatever differences existed, they were resolved amicably and in the ruling Party’s closet. Unfortunately since the turn of 2015, Zanu-PF’s traditional protocol and procedures have been changed with a lot of gossiping, backbiting and public chastisement being the order of the day. Indeed the Party is undoing its legacy built over the years.

While our people may be persuaded to take what is going on in Zanu-PF as internal political matters in that Party, the truth remains that Zanu-PF’s conduct and behaviour as a ruling Party has a direct impact on the lives of every citizen; hence all of us regardless of political affiliation are affected by the Party’s manner of doing business.

From a security point of view we cannot ignore the experiences of countries such as Somalia, DRC, Central Africa Republic and many others in our region where minor political differences degenerated into serious conflict that had decimated the social, political and economic security of ordinary people.

Section 212 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe mandates the Zimbabwe Defence Forces to protect Zimbabwe, its people, its national security and interests and its territorial integrity and to uphold this Constitution.

Among other security threats that are coming out of what is obtaining in Zanu-PF are there reckless utterances by politicians denigrating the military which are causing despondency within the rank and file.

Further, we note with concern the attempts by some politicians to drive a wedge between the security services for their own selfish interests. This is unacceptable. We take great exception to this behaviour.

There is only one Commander-in-Chief, His Excellency The President, Head of State and Government and Commander in Chief of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces, Cde R. G. Mugabe.

The military in an institution whose roles cut across the wider spectrum of Government support functions in the form of Military Aid to Civil Power and Military Aid to Civil Ministries, which are roles derived from Defence Instruments. Therefore we want to state here and now that the history of our revolution cannot be rewritten by those who have not been part of it.

Having said that we strongly urge the Party:

To stop reckless utterances by politicians from the ruling Party denigrating the military which is causing alarm and despondency within the rank and file. The current purging of which is clearly targeting members of the party with a liberation background must stop forthwith.

The known counter revolutionary elements who have fermented the current instability in the Party must be exposed and fished out. As the Party goes for the Extra-Ordinary Congress, must go with equal opportunity to exercise their democratic rights.

Comrades and friends, ladies and gentlemen, we remain committed to protecting our legacy and those bent on high-jacking the revolution will not be allowed to do so.

Further, we must understand that the freedoms that we enjoy today were as a result of supreme sacrifice by some of our country men and women and this must not be taken for granted. Let us remove this air of uncertainty and allow Zimbabweans to enjoy their freedoms and rights as enshrined in the national Constitution.